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Konqueror

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Konqueror is an advanced file manager for the K Desktop Environment, providing file management functions ranging from simple cut/copy and paste operations to advanced local and remote network file browsing. Folder contents can be displayed in a variety of text and icon view modes, which can include thumbnail preview images of file contents. File and folder properties can easily be examined and changed and applications launched with a simple click of the left mouse button.

Konqueror is an HTML 4.01 compliant web browser with built in support for JavaScript (ECMA-262), CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) and bidirectional scripts (such as Arabic and Hebrew). It provides support for the secure running of Java™ applets, Netscape® plugins for viewing Flash™, RealAudio® and RealVideo® and SSL for secure communications. Advanced features include automatic URL and form completion, the ability to import bookmarks from other browsers and tabbed browsing.

Konqueror is also an excellent full featured FTP client.

Konqueror is a universal viewing application, capable of displaying images and documents without having to launch another application. It does this by embedding components (KDE Parts) provided by other applications; from KView for image viewing, KDVI for DVI viewing, KGhostView for PostScript® documents and from the various KOffice applications for their document types.

Konqueror is a fully customizable application which anyone can configure to suit their own needs, from changing the overall style and the sizes of text and icons to selecting which items appear in the Menubar, changing the number and positions of the toolbars and even defining new shortcut key combinations. Different configuration profiles can be saved for easy recall as needed.

Konqueror Basics Edit

Like all KDE applications, Konqueror is highly configurable. This document describes how Konqueror behaves with the normal, default settings.

A three button mouse can be useful when you are running Konqueror or any other KDE application. If your mouse only has two buttons then you should be able to set your system up so that you can simulate a middle mouse button by pressing both buttons at the same time.

You can read more about mouse usage in the section called “Left and Middle Mouse Button Actions”

If you are used to having to double-click to perform an action, then take care, because in common with the rest of KDE, Konqueror defaults to single-clicking.

Starting Konqueror Edit

Being a combined File Manager and Browser, Konqueror will automatically switch between the two modes as needed when it is running, but it is convenient to be able to choose which mode is to be used when you start it up.

  • If you have a house shaped icon on the panel or desktop, then left click on it to open Konqueror as a file manager.
  • Or left click on world shaped icon on the panel or desktop to open Konqueror in browser mode.
  • From the K menu, select Internet->Konqueror Web Browser to start it as a browser, or Home to launch Konqueror in file manager mode.
  • Alt+F2 will open a Run Command dialog box, type konqueror (lower case) and press Enter or the Run button to start in file manager mode, or just enter a URL such as http://www.konqueror.org to start Konqueror as a browser.

Konqueror is also started automatically when you left click on a desktop icon that represents a folder, such as a hard disk drive or the Trash icon.

The Parts of Konqueror Edit

The Titlebar is the strip across the top of Konqueror's window, and operates in the same way as for other KDE applications. Right click on the central portion to bring up the neat Titlebar menu.

The Menubar is the strip containing the names of the drop-down menus. Left click on a name to alternately show and hide that menu, or use Alt+the underlined letter in the name as a hot key, for example Alt+E to show the Edit menu. The various menus are described in the Menubar section of this document.

The Toolbar contains icons for commonly used operations. Left clicking on an icon will activate it. If you have enabled tooltips in the Control Center Appearance & Themes->Style dialog a brief description of what that icon does will appear when you hover the pointer over it.

Some icons, for example the Up and Back icons in the previous screenshot, have a small black triangle at their bottom right corner. If you hold the left mouse button pressed while the cursor is over this type of icon a small dropdown menu will appear.

Right clicking on the Toolbar will bring up the Toolbar Menu which you can use to change the Toolbar's appearance and position.

The Location Toolbar shows the path to the directory, URL or file being viewed. You can type a path or URL here and press Enter or left click on the Go icon at the right hand end of the Location Toolbar to go to it. The black icon at the left hand end of the Location Toolbar clears the text entry box.

The Bookmark Toolbar is the area under the Location Toolbar in the previous screenshot. You can add frequently used bookmarks here; see the Organizing Your Bookmarks section of this document.

The Window is the main area of Konqueror and can show you the contents of a directory, web page, document or image. Using the Window menu you can split Konqueror's main window into one or more separate views, useful for drag and drop operations, or set it to contain two or more tabbed views.

The Status Bar runs across the bottom of the Konqueror's window and often shows general information about whatever the mouse pointer is hovering over. If you have split the main window into a number of views you will get an Status Bar for each view, and it will include a small green light at the left hand end to show which is the “active” view. Right clicking on the Status Bar brings up the Status Bar Right Mouse Button Menu.

Tooltips and What's This? Edit

You can find out a lot about how Konqueror works without needing to read this entire document if you take advantage of Tooltips and the What's This? feature.

If Tooltips have been enabled in KDE (K menu Control Center->Appearance & Themes->Style, Style dialog) then when you hover the mouse pointer over a Toolbar or Navigation Panel button it should bring up a terse description of what that button does.

What's This? is invoked by the Menubar Help->What's This? item, by Shift+F1, or by just left mouse button clicking on the question mark near the top right hand corner of Konqueror's window. It changes the cursor to show a question mark alongside the arrow.

When this question mark is visible, a left mouse button click won't actually do anything until you have clicked on a control (or the text alongside it) that supports What's This?, in which case it will display a reasonably comprehensive description of what the control is supposed to do. Most of the dialog boxes that Konqueror brings up support the What's This? feature.

Left and Middle Mouse Button Actions Edit

f you click the left mouse button on an item in Konqueror's window, it will be “activated”. Thus

  • Left click on an icon in the Toolbar to do whatever that icon is supposed to do.
  • Left click on an item in the Menubar to make that menu drop down.
  • Left click on a menu item to do that thing.
  • Left click on an icon in the Bookmark Toolbar to open that URL.
  • Left click on a link in a web page to make Konqueror follow that link.
  • Left click on a folder icon or name and Konqueror will descend into (show the contents of) that folder.
  • Left click on a file name or icon and Konqueror will do whatever it thinks appropriate, based on the file type. In general this means opening HTML pages, or previewing text, image or KOffice files, showing them within Konqueror's window (“Preview” means that you can see the file but not change it).

Konqueror decides what the file type is by matching the filename extension against a list of known types. If that fails it tries to guess the type from the file contents. You can change the list of known file types and associated actions with the File Associations page of the Settings->Configure Konqueror... dialog.

Clicking the middle mouse button on a file or folder name or icon does essentially the same as left clicking except that it usually does it in a new Konqueror window, unless the Open links in new tab instead of in new window box has been checked in the Behavior page of the Settings->Configure Konqueror... dialog. Konqueror can open links on pages and Bookmarks, as well as the Home, Up, Back and Forward entries in a new tab or window.

Holding the Shift key down while pressing the middle mouse button will open the link in the background. Important

If you click the middle mouse button when the mouse cursor is over a blank part of the main view (not over a link or file name or icon) Konqueror will copy the contents of the clipboard into the Location Toolbar and try to use that as a URL.

Right Mouse Button Menus Edit

Clicking the right mouse button on almost any part of Konqueror's window will bring up an appropriate context menu.

If you have enabled the Right click goes back in history option in Konqueror's configuration settings a simple right click is equivalent to clicking on the Back button. In this case you can access the context menu by moving the mouse with the right button held down.

  • On the Titlebar

Right clicking on any free area of the Titlebar brings up the Titlebar Menu, allowing you to control the position of Konqueror's window as well as the decoration applied to all KDE program windows.

  • On the Main Toolbar

Right click on any free area of the Toolbar to bring up the Toolbar Menu. You can use it to control whether the Toolbar is at the top, bottom, left or right of Konqueror's window. You can also use the Toolbar Menu to set the size of the buttons on the Toolbar, and whether they are shown as icons, text or both.

  • On the Location Toolbar

Right click in the URL entry box area to perform Cut, Copy, Paste or Clear operations in this area, or to change the automatic Text Completion features.

  • On the Bookmark Toolbar

If you have the Bookmark Toolbar showing, then right click on any free part of it to bring up the Bookmark Toolbar Menu which lets you change its position and whether items are shown as text, icons, or both.

  • Within a View

If you right click on any free area of a view then you will get a menu that contains, among other options, the Up, Back, Forward and Reload navigation commands.

  • On a File or Folder

This is a most useful feature. Right clicking on the name or icon of any file or folder not only “selects” that item but also brings up a menu allowing you to Cut, Move, Copy or Remove the item in various ways, add it to your Bookmarks, open it with the program of your choice or preview it, rename it, or edit the file type or properties.

  • On the Status Bar

Right click on the Status Bar at the bottom of a window or view to add or remove a view within Konqueror's window.

Viewing Help, Man and Info Pages Edit

You can view KDE Help and UNIX® Man and Info pages directly in Konqueror, without having to start up KHelpCenter.

To view a KDE Help page, enter help:/application name (for example help:/kmail to view the KMail documentation.) into Konqueror's Location Toolbar window.

If you want to read UNIX® Man pages Konqueror makes it easy. For example type man:/touch or #touch into the Location Toolbar to see the page for the touch command.

To browse through UNIX® Info pages, entering info:/dir takes you to Info's top level directory, then it's just a matter of clicking on the right links to find the page you want. Alternatively, use info:/command name to go straight to the Info page you want.

Unfortunately, KDE Help pages are stored in such a way that they cannot be viewed in other browsers.

Konqueror the File Manager Edit

Folders and Paths Edit

In UNIX® and Linux® all folders are arranged in a simple inverted tree structure descending and branching down from from a single top level folder. This means that you can get from any folder to any other by going “up” until you reach a common point then “down” through the appropriate subfolders until you reach your target.

The position of any file or folder in the tree can be described by its “path”, which is a simple list of the folders you would have to descend through to get to the target folder or file. For example /home/pam is the subfolder pam of the subfolder home of the top level folder, and /home/pam/words.txt is the file words.txt in that subfolder. The leading “/” in these paths represents the top level folder.

Every folder accessible by your system — including those on other hard disk partitions, your floppy and CD-ROM — will appear in the tree descending from /, their exact paths will depend on how your system was set up (see also the section on Floppy and CD-ROM Drives).

Every user on a UNIX® / Linux® system has their own “home” folder to hold their personal files and settings; for example /home/john and /home/mary. The symbol ~ is often used to represent the user's home folder, so that ~/letter.txt refers to the file letter.txt in my home folder.

Note that the term “directory” is often used instead of “folder”.

View Modes Edit

In File Manager mode, Konqueror shows you what files and subfolders are held in a folder, and can provide you with some information about them.

The “path” of the folder you are looking at is shown in the Titlebar, and also in the Location Toolbar, prefixed with “file: ” to indicate that the folder is part of your computer's normal file system. For example file:/home/pam.

The way that Konqueror displays the files and folders depends mainly on your choice of View Mode. This can be selected from the View->View Mode sub menu, which gives you the following options:

  • Icon View

Displays the name and a suitable icon for each file or folder.

  • MultiColumn View

Similar to Icon View except that the display is neatly formatted into regular columns.

  • Detailed List View

Displays each file or folder on a separate line, as a small icon followed by the file or folder name followed by information about the item. The amount of information shown is controlled by the View->Show Details sub menu settings.

  • Text View

Similar to Detailed List View except that icons are not shown and the first character in each line will be “/” if the item is a folder.

  • Tree View

This option is useful for navigating through the folder tree below the current folder. The display is similar to Detailed List View except that the start of each line will show a small + sign in a box if the item is a folder. Left clicking on the box will expand the display to show the contents of that folder.

  • Info List View

Similar to Detailed List View except that, where applicable, it shows the number of lines, words and characters and file format for each file.

The default file icons shown in Icon View and MultiColumn View modes can be replaced by small preview images of the file contents, see the section File Previews of this handbook for more details.

File Tip Info Edit

Checking the Show file tips box in the Behavior page of the Konqueror Configuration dialog causes a small pop up information window to appear when the mouse pointer is hovered over a file or folder name or icon in Icon View or MultiColumn View mode.

If the Show previews in file tips checkbox is checked the pop up window will also show a small image of the file contents.

File Previews Edit

Selecting View->Preview from the Menubar will bring up a sub menu that lets you enable file previews for certain types of file.

Generally this means that the file's icon will be replaced by a small image showing the file contents.

If file preview is enabled for Sound Files the file will be played whenever the mouse cursor is hovering over the file name or icon.

Note that file previews are only available in Icon View and MultiColumn View modes.

Because Konqueror has to read much more data than just the file name details to generate a preview, file previews may not be appropriate when viewing files on a floppy or from a remote system. The Previews page of the File Manager Configuration dialog allows you to disable file previews for protocols such as ftp where reading the extra data would take too long.

Navigation Edit

To get to a file with Konqueror you first need to navigate through the folder tree to find the folder containing that file.

To move between folders you can simply step up and down the tree:

  • To descend into a subfolder left click on its name or icon -- or if you have already “selected” it (see below) -- then just press Enter.
  • To go up the folder tree you can click on the Up button in the Toolbar, useAlt+Up Arrow, or use the Menubar Go->Up option.

To “select” a file or folder in the displayed folder without opening it in any way use the up and down arrow keys to move through the items. The selected item will be highlighted and some information about it will be displayed in the Status Bar.

Setting the View Mode to Tree View can help you locate folders in the tree below the current folder; in this mode each folder is shown with a small box at the left. If the box contains a + sign, left clicking on the box (not on the folder name or icon) will display a sub tree showing files and subfolders contained in that folder. The small box will then change to show a - sign. Left click on that to collapse the sub tree. Once you have found the folder you are looking for, left click on the folder name or icon to open it.

The Navigation Panel can also help you find your way around the file system.

You can go directly to any folder by typing its path into the Location Toolbar window or into the dialog box invoked by the Menubar Location->Open Location item or by Ctrl+ O. Konqueror's Text Completion feature may be useful when you do this. Don't forget that in Linux® / UNIX® file and folder names are case sensitive.

When you have moved to a new folder you can go back to your previous choice by using the Toolbar Back button, the Menubar Go->Back item, or Alt+Left Arrow. Once you have gone back you can go forward. Use the Toolbar Forward button, the Menubar Go->Forward item or Alt+Right Arrow.

Alternatively, you can also choose to enter the parent folder by clicking on the Toolbar Up, the Go->Up item, or with Alt+Up Arrow.

Holding the left mouse button pressed while the mouse pointer is over the Toolbar Up, Back or Forward buttons brings up a menu of recently visited locations.

Finding Files and Folders Edit

If you don't know or can't remember where a file or folder is within your system, then use the Toolbar Find File button or the Menubar Tools->Find File... option. This will embed the file finder application KFind into Konqueror's window. See the KFind Handbook for help in using KFind.

If the name of a file or folder begins with a period (dot), then it is a “hidden” file or folder, and will not normally be shown by Konqueror. To see hidden files or folders use the Menubar View->Show Hidden Files option.

Another reason Konqueror may not show the file or folder you are looking for is that you may have the View Filter plugin set to display only certain types of file.

Floppy and CD-ROM Drives Edit

Any floppy disk, CD drive or other hard disk partition that you have on your system will usually appear in the / , /media, /mnt or /auto folder, having a path something like /mnt/floppy or /cdrom. The details will depend on how your system was set up.

UNIX® / Linux® requires that you mount a floppy disk or CD-ROM when you have inserted it into the drive, and mount other hard disk partitions when you want to access them. You also need to unmount a floppy disk or CD-ROM before removing it to register that it is no longer available.

How you do this will depend on how your system:

  • You may have an Automount facility, in which case you don't have to bother about explicitly mounting and unmounting, although you may find that the CD-ROM occasionally starts up by itself for no apparent reason.
  • You may have Floppy, CD-ROM and hard disk icons on your desktop, in which case left mouse button click on the icon to mount it. Doing this should also bring up a Konqueror window showing the contents of the floppy, CD-ROM or partition. To unmount, right click on the icon and choose the Unmount item. Visit the section Create New... in this Handbook to see how to create such an icon.
  • Or you can do it the traditional way by typing into a text console window:
mount /mnt/floppy

to mount, for example, the floppy drive, and

umount /mnt/floppy

to unmount it (umount not unmount).

Rather than having to open a text console to type the mount or umount commands, you may prefer to use Konqueror's Tools->Execute Shell Command (Ctrl+E) feature.

Deleting Files and Folders Edit

Konqueror gives you two ways to dispose of an unwanted file or folder:

  • You can move it to the Trash folder, which is the safest method as you can get it back if you realize that you have made a mistake.
  • You can just plain Delete it, which removes the entry from the folder and adds the disk area occupied by the file(s) to the system's list of free disk areas, in the same way as the rm command.

The simplest way to remove a file or folder is to position the mouse pointer over its name or icon and press the right mouse button, which will bring up a menu containing the options Move to Trash and Delete.

Or, if you have “selected” the item, the Menubar Edit menu will give you the choice of “Move to Trash” and “Delete” options.

Del will move the selected item or items to Trash.

Shift+Del will really, truly and irrevocably delete the selected item or items.

You won't be able to remove a file or folder if you don't have the necessary permissions; see the section on Super User Mode for further details.

Moving and Copying Edit

To copy a file or subfolder between folders you can:

  • Position the mouse pointer over its name or icon and hold down the right mouse button, which will bring up a menu containing the Copy option. Choose that.

Or if the item is “selected” you can use the Copy button on the Toolbar or the Menubar Edit->Copy item, or the Ctrl+C shortcut key combination. You can also select multiple files or folders to copy/move as well.

  • Navigate to the folder you want to copy the item into then Paste the item into the new folder by using the Toolbar Paste button or the Menubar Edit->Paste option or the Ctrl+V shortcut, or by moving the mouse pointer to a clear area of the window and holding the right mouse button down to bring up a menu containing the Paste option.

Moving a file or subfolder between folders can be done in the same way as copying, except that you choose the Cut option or Ctrl+X instead of Copy. The item that you have Cut will be removed from the original folder when you do the Paste into the new folder.

You can also copy or move selected item(s) to another folder by using Edit->Copy Files (F7) or Edit->Move Files (F8), or by selecting Copy To or Move To from the drop down menu you get when you right click on an file or folder name in the File Manager window.

You may not be able to copy or move a file or folder if you don't have the necessary permissions. See the section on Super User Mode for further details.

Using Drag 'n Drop Edit

Konqueror also supports Drag and Drop copying and moving of files and folders.

You can do this by having two instances of Konqueror, one showing the folder you want to copy from, the other showing the target folder. Position the mouse pointer over the item you wish to copy or move, then, holding the left mouse button pressed, “drag” it to a clear space in the target folder. Release the button and you will be presented with a menu choice of Copy or Move. Take care to “drop” the item into an empty area of the target folder view - dropping it on top of another file name or icon can cause problems.

You can also set up Konqueror to show more than one folder within its window and drag & drop between them.

To be able to show different folders in each view they should not be linked; the little boxes at the bottom right of each view should be empty.

The “active” view, that is the one whose path is shown in the Location Toolbar and which responds to navigation and Menubar commands, is shown by the little green light in the bottom left corner. To make a view active, left click on an empty area of the view or on its Status Bar.

To remove an active view from Konqueror's window use the Ctrl+Shift+R shortcut, or the Menubar Window->Remove Active View option, or right mouse button click on the Status Bar and choose the Remove Active View option from the resulting menu.

If you use Konqueror tabs, you can drag and drop between tabs by dragging the file to the tab label, without letting go yet. The destination tab will pop to the front, allowing you to continue dragging and then drop the file.

Duplicate File Names Edit

If you try to paste a file into a folder that already contains a file with the same name, Konqueror will pop up a dialog box warning you that the file already exists. You can then choose to:

  • Overwrite the old file with the newly copied one. The Overwrite All button can be used if you have copied multiple items.
  • Cancel the paste operation by pressing the Skip or Skip All button.
  • Give the file that is being copied a different name. You can do this by typing a new name into the text entry box or get Konqueror to Propose one. When you have done this press the Rename button.

Selecting Multiple Files Edit

You sometimes want to delete, copy or move a number of files that are similar in some way. For example you may wish to move all of the .png graphics files from one folder to another. Konqueror makes this easy by letting you select multiple files based on similarities in their file names.

Use the Menubar Edit->Selection->Select... item or the shortcut Ctrl++. This brings up a little dialog box in which you enter a filename containing the wildcard characters *, which matches any number of characters, and ? which matches a single character. Press OK and Konqueror will highlight all files with matching names. For example;

  • flag*.png will select all filenames starting with the letters “flag” and ending with “.png”.
  • memo?.txt will select memo1.txt and memo9.txt but not memo99.txt.

When you have selected a range of files, you can narrow down the selection by uing the Menubar Edit->Unselect... option or Ctrl+- to specify which of the selected files should be removed from the selection.

Create New Edit

When Konqueror is in File Manager mode, picking Create New from the Edit menu or from the context menu you get by right mouse button clicking on a free area in a folder view gives you a submenu letting you create any of the following in the current folder:

  • File->Link To Application...

This option is most useful if you want to create an icon that will open a particular application. It opens a dialog box with three tabbed pages. The first, General, is where you choose an icon and the text that will appear with it. The second page, Permissions, lets you select who can use or modify the icon. In the Application page you must enter the Command that will run the application, for example, kedit to start up the KEdit text editor. kedit /home/pam/todo.txt would open the file /home/pam/todo.txt in KEdit. Advanced options such as the file types which the application can open are also available from this page. To make the application icon appear on your desktop, create the link in your ~/Desktop folder (this may be called something slightly different depending on how KDE was installed on your system) or get to the Create New... sub menu by right clicking on a free area of the desktop instead of within Konqueror's window. If you have a lot of specialized application links and don't want to clutter up the desktop, then why not create them in your Applications folder. You can get there in Konqueror by choosing Go->Applications. Then create a single icon on your desktop to open your Applications folder, which is usually in ~/.kde/share/applnk. To put an application link icon into the panel, first create it in the Applications folder then drag the icon onto a clear area of the panel.

  • File->Link To Location (URL)...

This lets you create an icon to open Konqueror at a particular folder or web page. As with Link To Application... you can make the application icon appear on your desktop by creating the link in your ~/Desktop folder or going to the Create New... sub menu by right clicking on a free area of the desktop. When you first create it the text shown with the icon will be the full path or URL. You can change it by right clicking on the icon, selecting Properties... and entering the preferred text in the General tab page.

  • Device->Floppy Device...

Use this option to create an icon that will mount a floppy disk and open an instance of Konqueror showing the disk's contents. To unmount the disk when you have finished with it right click on the icon and select Unmount. In practice it doesn't have to be a floppy disk but can be any hard disk or partition on your system that is not normally mounted. However, in most cases you will want to create the icon on your desktop.

  • Hard Disk...

This option is similar to Floppy Device... but for a hard disk drive or partition.

  • CD/DVD-ROM Device...

This option is similar to Floppy Device... but for a CD or DVD drive.

  • Folder...

An easy way of creating a new (sub)folder.

  • Text File...

Use this to create an ordinary, empty, text file. A dialog box will be opened for you to enter the name of your new file.

  • HTML File...

Creates a skeleton HTML source file. When you type the new file's name into the dialog box it is probably best to give it a .html extension to avoid confusion.

  • Presentation Document...

Creates a skeleton KOffice KPresenter document. Give its name a .kpr extension.

  • Text Document...

Creates a skeleton KOffice KWord document using the standard KWord style template. Give its name a .kwd extension.

  • Spread Sheet Document...

Use this to create a new KOffice KSpread spreadsheet file, and name it with a .ksp extension.

  • Illustration Document...

Creates a new KOffice Kontour document. Name it with the extension .kil.

Use Ctrl+U or the Menubar Edit->Unselect All option or just left mouse button click on a clear area of the view to cancel the selection.

You can even invert the selection: that is, deselect all selected files and select those that were previously unselected. Use the Menubar Edit->Invert Selection option or Ctrl+* to do this.

You can also select multiple files and folders by holding the Ctrl button while you click on each individual file or folder. This enables you to then move or copy multiple files and folders to a different location at one time by using the same method above.

A number of useful shortcut keys can be used in list, tree and text view modes:

  • Space

Toggle the current selection.

  • Insert

Toggle the current selection and move down to the next item.

  • Ctrl+Up Arrow, Ctrl+Down Arrow, Ctrl+Home, Ctrl+End, Ctrl+Page Up, Ctrl+Page Down

Move the selection, toggling the selection of everything on the way.

  • Shift+Up Arrow, Shift+Down Arrow, Shift+Home, Shift+End, Shift+Page Up, Shift+Page Down

Deselect everything, then move the selection, selecting everything on the way.

Once you have selected the right files then the normal delete, copy or move commands will act on all of the selected files at once.

Depending on your keyboard type and locale, you may find that the Ctrl++, Ctrl+- and Ctrl+* shortcuts only work with the Numeric keypad +, - and * keys.

Changing Names and Permissions Edit

The two easiest ways to change the name of a file or folder is to either right click on it and select Rename, or select the file or folder and then press the F2 button.

To change the name or permissions of a file or folder right click on its name or icon and select the Properties... item, or if you have “selected” the file or folder, then you can use the Menubar Edit->Properties option.

This will bring up the Properties dialog box with two tabbed pages:

  • General, which gives you some information about the item and lets you change its name and, for a folder, the associated icon.
  • Permissions, which shows you the item's ownership and access permissions and lets you change the permissions.

Copy and Rename Edit

If you want to make a copy of an existing file with a different name -- perhaps as a backup -- in the same folder as the original file, do a normal Copy then when you Paste it a dialog box will pop up complaining that the file already exists. Just type the new name into the dialog's text box and press the Rename button (or if you are feeling lazy pressing the Propose button will generate a new name for you).

Super User Mode Edit

If you are running as a normal user and try to access files outside of your own home folder you will often be prevented from doing so and get an error message such as Access Denied.

To access these files you need to be logged in as the system administrator, often known as the Super User or root.

Rather than logging out then in again, you can launch Konqueror from the K Menu in Super User mode by selecting System->File Manager - Super User Mode . You will be asked for the root login password but as long as you can provide that Konqueror will be started up with full access privileges to all files on your system.

Take care. As Super User (root), you have complete control of your system, and a wrong command can easily do irrevocable damage.

Also, connecting to the internet as root is an extremely bad idea, as it seriously increases your vulnerability to malicious hacking.

Configuring File Associations Edit

KDE provides many applications which can open many different types of file. Most of the time, the defaults will work with no problems, but Konqueror provides a powerful system to allow you to change the applications used to open each file type. For more details, choose the Settings->Configure Konqueror... menu item, select File Associations in the configuration dialog, and click on Help.

At the Command Line Edit

Although Konqueror is a very powerful and flexible GUI file manager, there are occasions when the experienced Linux® / UNIX® user wants to get down to the basics and work at the text command line level.

You can, of course, open an instance of Konsole, perhaps with Konqueror's Menubar Tools->Open Terminal option or with Ctrl+T.

If you only want to launch a program or view a URL, the Tools->Run Command (Alt+F2) option may be easier.

Tools->Execute Shell Command... (Ctrl+E) opens a small command line dialog window where you can enter a shell command such as ps -ax | grep kdeinit . Note that it does not support full featured terminal control characters, so applications such as top and less will not work properly, but it is available immediately without the delay involved in starting Konsole.

For more complex operations, Konqueror has another nice feature: the Menubar Window->Show Terminal Emulator option, which opens up a terminal window as a new view within Konqueror. As long as the link icon is visible at the bottom right corner of each view, the terminal will follow any folder changes you make in the normal file manager view.

Konqueror the Web Browser Edit

Connecting to the Internet Edit

Once you are connected to the Internet you can use Konqueror to browse the Web just as easily as you can use it to handle your local files. Just type a URL into the Location Toolbar window, press Enter, and you are away!

  • If you use a dial-up modem connection, then you will be using KPPP or a similar dialer program to make the connection.
  • If your machine is connected to a local area network (LAN) that gives you a proxy connection to the Internet then you will have to set Konqueror up for the proxy connection. This can be done with the Proxy page of the Settings->Configure Konqueror... dialog.
  • If you are lucky enough to have a high speed cable connection, then the service provider will probably give you an external cable modem which needs an ethernet connection to your machine. Unfortunately the details of how to establish the connection depend on the service provider and to some extent on which Linux/UNIX® distribution you are using. Some ISPs connect their customers to the Internet through a proxy server, in which case you will have to set up Konqueror to use it. You may find it useful to search the archives of your distribution's user group mailing list for help.

An error message such as Unknown Host usually means that Konqueror cannot find a connection to the Internet or that you have entered an incorrect URL.

Surfing and Searching Edit

Once you have a connection to the Internet, you can surf with Konqueror just as you can with any other browser.

Type a URL into the Location Toolbar window, press Enter or left click on the Go button at the right hand end of the Location Toolbar, and Konqueror will download and display that page. If you have visited the page before, Konqueror's Automatic Text Completion feature can help you type the URL a second time, or you could look through the History page in the Navigation Panel. If you want to use one of the web's search engines, Konqueror's Web Shortcuts feature can make this easier.

Left click on a link in the page to go there.

To open a link in a new instance of Konqueror, leaving the old page still visible, middle mouse button click on the link or right click on it and select the Open in New Window option. Alternatively, you might want to Open in New Tab. Tabbed Browsing will let you hold a number of pages in one Konqueror window and quickly switch between them with a single mouse click.

You could also select the multiple view mode with Ctrl+Shift+L or the Menubar Window->Split View Left/Right option which will let you see different pages at the same time. This can be useful if you are looking through a complicated set of HTML pages, but make sure the little link box at the bottom right hand corner is empty when you are doing this.

To go back to the previous page use the Alt+Left Arrow shortcut, the Back button on the Toolbar, or the Menubar Go->Back option.

Similarly, once you have gone back you can go forward by using Alt+Right Arrow, the Forward button, or the Menubar Go->Forward option.

If you want to stop the download for any reason then use the Esc key, the Toolbar Stop button or the Menubar View->Stop item.

When you are viewing a web page you should see two new icons in the Toolbar, looking like magnifying glasses with small + and - symbols. Use these to adjust the size of the text in the page if you find it difficult to read. How well this works will depend on how the web page has been constructed.

Tabbed Browsing Edit

By using this feature you can make Konqueror load multiple web pages in the same window, and switch between them using tabbed pages. This way, you can preload a page “in the background” while you carry on reading another.

To use tabbed browsing, right click on a link and choose Open in New Tab from the drop down menu. The page will be downloaded and displayed as normal, but with tabs across the top of the view, one tab for each page. Left click on a tab to view that page, or you can use the shortcuts Ctrl+[ and Ctrl+] to cycle through the tab pages. Alternatively, you can scroll through the tabs using the mouse wheel while the mouse pointer is over the tab bar (presuming that your mouse has one). Also, double-clicking over the empty tab bar space will open a new tab.

The Open in Background Tab option in the right mouse button menu also downloads the page and shows a new tab for it, but the new page will not be displayed until you left click on the tab.

If you check the Open links in new tab instead of in new window box in the Web Behavior page of the Settings->Configure Konqueror... dialog, middle mouse button clicking on a link will open it in a new tab page and if you hold the Shift key down while clicking the middle mouse button the link will be opened in a background tab page.

Right clicking on a tab will bring up a menu with the following options:

  • New Tab

This opens a new, blank, tabbed page view. You can then download a web page into it by typing the URL into the Location Bar or by making a selection from the Bookmark Toolbar or the Navigation Panel history page.

  • Duplicate Tab

To create a duplicate tabbed page.

  • Detach Tab

This option removes the selected tabbed page from the current Konqueror window and opens it in a new instance of Konqueror.

  • Close Tab

To close the selected tab page.

  • Reload

Reloads the content of the current tab.

  • Reload all Tabs

Reloads the content of every tab.

  • Switch to Tab

Displays a submenu showing all other tabs. Choosing a tab from this list makes it the active tab.

  • Close Other Tabs

To close all but the selected tab page.

Web Shortcuts Edit

If enabled, Konqueror's Web Shortcuts feature lets you submit a query directly to a search engine or similar web site without having to visit the site first.

For example, entering gg:konqueror into the Location Bar and pressing Enter will ask Google™ to search for items related to Konqueror.

To see what Web Shortcuts are available, and perhaps add your own, use Settings->Configure Konqueror... to open the Settings dialog box and click on the Web Shortcuts icon.

Once there, to make a new Web Shortcut select New... and you will now have a new dialog requesting the options and specifications of your new Web Shortcut. The first field is for the human readable name of the search provider; that is, simply the name of the Search provider. For example, Google™.

In the next field you should enter the URI that is used to do a search on the search engine. The whole text to be searched for can be specified as \{@} or \{0}. The recommended version is \{@} since it removes all query variables (name=value) from the resulting string whereas \{0} will be substituted with the unmodified query string.

You can use \{1} ... \{n} to specify certain words from the query and \{name} to specify a value given by name=value in the user query. In addition it is possible to specify multiple references (names, numbers and strings) at once, like (\{name1,name2,...,"string"}). The first matching value (from the left) will be used as substitution value for the resulting URI. A quoted string can be used as the default value if nothing matches from the left of the reference list.

To make a basic Web Shortcut here however, all that is required is the URI that is used to do a search on the search engine. Following our previous example with Google™, we would enter http://www.google.com/search?q=\{@}&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8. You can often easily find where to place the \{@} by doing a search on the search engine in question, and then analysing the URL address. For example, doing a Google™ search for Konqueror produces the URL: http://www.google.com/search?q=konqueror&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8. Now you need to merely replace Konqueror with \{@} in this example to find the appropriate URI to be entered.

In the third field you need to enter the URI shortcut. For example, the gg in gg:konqueror. In the next option — the drop-down menu — you have the option to select the character set that will be used to encode the search query. Once you have entered all the options correctly to your satisfaction, press Enter and your new Web Shortcut should now be available in Konqueror.

Access Keys Edit

Konqueror has full support for the accesskey HTML attribute in forms and links. Access keys allow you to use the keyboard keys for functions which would perhaps normally be done with the mouse, such as following links. The benefit of this is, quite simply, that users can interact with a page with devices other than a pointing device.

To activate the access keys in Konqueror, press and release Ctrl. Once this is pressed, if a particular link on the website has the accesskey attribute in the given link, then the character(s) should appear over the link, identifying what needs to be pressed. Then, you can enter the character(s) associated with the link as an alternative to following the link with the mouse. To disable the access keys once activated you can press Ctrl again.

The proper use of this feature requires that the web designer of the page has specifically assigned, using the accesskey attribute, an access key for the link. Many web designers might not include the accesskey in their links and forms, and consequently this feature will be unusable on the given webpage.

Browser Identification Edit

When Konqueror connects to a web site it sends some brief browser identification information, known as the “User Agent” string. Many web sites use this information to customize the pages that they send back, based on the strengths and weaknesses of different browsers.

Unfortunately, some badly designed sites refuse to work properly unless you are using a browser that the site recognizes as a “valid” one, even though if given a chance, Konqueror will work satisfactorily with the vast majority of web pages.

To overcome this problem you can change the browser identification information that Konqueror sends for specific sites or domains by selecting Settings-> Configure Konqueror... to bring up the Settings dialog box and clicking the Browser Identification icon.

Problems with getting a web page to work properly may also be due to its use of Java™ or JavaScript. If you suspect that this may be the case check that they have been enabled in the Java & JavaScript section of the Settings dialog box.

Saving and Printing Web Items Edit

When you are viewing a web page you can save it (or at least the basic HTML or similar source text) to your local disk with Location->Save As.... If the page you are viewing uses frames, then you will also be given the Location->Save Frame As... option. Left click in the frame you want to save first.

If the page uses a background image, you can get and save that with the Location->Save Background Image As... option.

But if what you really want is that glorious picture of the latest Ferrari, then right clicking on the image will give you a drop-down menu with a Save Image As... option. Be sure to respect the owner's copyright, and ask for permission before using any pictures saved this way for anything other than your own viewing pleasure.

If you right click on a link (which may be a picture) and select Save Link As... from the pop up menu the basic HTML or similar source text will be downloaded and saved on your local disk.

Right clicking on a link (which may be a picture) and choosing Copy Link Location will copy the URL of the link to the clipboard so you can then paste it into, say, an e-mail to a friend telling her about this wonderful new site.

Right clicking on a picture and choosing Copy Image Location copies the URL of the picture to the clipboard.

To save a complete web page, including images, select Archive Web Page... from the Tools menu. Note that this feature is provided by a plugin and may not have been installed on your system. The web page will be saved as a single file with a .war extension and can be opened by left clicking on the filename in Konqueror running in File Manager mode.

Printing a copy of the page you are viewing is easily done with the Menubar Location->Print... or Print Frame option or with the Toolbar Print button.

FTP Edit

FTP, or File Transfer Protocol, is one of the the earliest, and still perhaps the best, way of transferring files between computers over the Internet.

With FTP you can see files and folders on the distant computer just as if they were on your own system, download them onto your computer using Konqueror's normal Copy and Paste or Drag n' Drop methods and, if allowed, upload files from your machine to the other computer's filesystem. To try it, type the URL

ftp://ftp.kde.org/pub/kde

into the Location Toolbar and press Enter. As long as you are connected to the Internet, and as long as the KDE's FTP site is not too busy, you should end up seeing the /pub/kde folder at ftp://ftp.kde.org/pub/kde/

Although, strictly speaking, FTP URLs should be entered starting with ftp:// and WWW URLs starting with http:// Konqueror is usually smart enough to figure out what is meant, and insert these characters for you if you leave them out.

When you access an FTP site it will usually need some form of username and password from you. To simplify things, most FTP sites that offer files for free downloading will accept the word anonymous as a username and your email address as a password, and to make your life even easier Konqueror will automatically supply these without troubling you.

If you try to access an FTP site that does not need a proper username or password but which is too busy to accept any more connections, Konqueror often interprets the “busy” message as a request for a name and password and will therefore pop up a dialog box asking you to supply them.

Sites that are more concerned with security will need a proper username and password, in which case Konqueror will ask you for them or you can include the username in the URL you type into the Location Toolbar, as for example

ftp://username@ftp.cia.org

Konqueror will then prompt you for the password.

Konqueror can also support automatic logins as specified in a .netrc file. Details of how to enable this feature are given at http://www.konqueror.org/faq.html#netrc

URLs with Port Numbers Edit

If you specify a port number in your URL, as in for example http://intranet.corp.com:1080, you might get the error message “Access to restricted port in POST denied”. This is done for security reasons. If you nevertheless need to access a server on this port, just add a key line

OverridenPorts=CommaSeparatedListOfAllowedPorts

to $KDEDIR/share/config/kio_httprc or ~/.kde/share/config/kio_httprc.

For example

OverridenPorts=23,15

(it should not include any embedded spaces).

Konqueror will reject the following ports (the list is hardcoded in kdelibs/kio/kio/job.cpp):

1, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 37, 42, 43, 53, 77, 79, 87, 95, 101, 102, 103, 104, 109, 110, 111, 113, 115, 117, 119, 123, 135, 139, 143, 179, 389, 512, 513, 514, 515, 526, 530, 531, 532, 540, 556, 587, 601, 989, 990, 992, 993, 995, 1080, 2049, 4045, 6000, 6667

Automatic Text Completion Edit

You can get Konqueror to help you enter a path or URL into the Location Toolbar by enabling one of the Text Completion features. To do this right click on a clear part of the Location Toolbar text entry box and select Text Completion from the pop up menu. This will let you choose between the following options:

  • None

What you get is what you type.

  • Manual

When you have typed part of a path or URL, pressing Ctrl+E will complete the entry if it is possible to do so unambiguously.

  • Automatic

As you type into the Location Toolbar window Konqueror will automatically extend what you type to complete one possible path or URL, highlighting the characters it has added. Continue typing if that's not what you wanted or press Enter to accept it.

  • Dropdown List

A drop-down window will appear as you type, showing the possible matches to what you have typed so far. When the path or URL that you want appears in the window double click on it with the left mouse button. You can also use the Down Arrow and Up Arrow keys to select it then press Enter.

  • Short Automatic

This is like Automatic mode except that it only extends what you have typed as far as the next / symbol in the path or URL. Press Ctrl+E to accept the suggestion, Enter when the complete path or URL is shown.

You should try out these different modes and pick the one that suits you best.

The history of recently visited URLs that Konqueror uses for the Text Completion function can be viewed and edited in the History page of the Navigation Panel.

Using Bookmarks Edit

Although you can use Konqueror's bookmarks to record the locations of your own files and folders, they are most useful when you are surfing the Web, letting you build up a list of useful sites.

To open the Bookmarks menu you may either left click on the Bookmarks menu or use the Alt+B shortcut. Once the list is visible, you can navigate through it with the arrow keys or with your mouse, then press Enter or left click to visit the selected location.

To add a new item to the list use Bookmarks ->Add Bookmark or Ctrl+B or right click on a clear space in the web page or folder view and select Bookmark this Location from the pop up menu.

The Bookmarks list can contain subfolders containing other bookmarks, you can create these with Bookmarks ->New Bookmark Folder... . To add a bookmark into a subfolder rather than into the main Bookmark list, select the folder from within the Bookmarks list and use the Add Bookmark item in that folder.

You can also access your bookmarks from the Navigation Panel.

The Bookmark Editor Edit

The Bookmarks->Edit Bookmarks option opens the Bookmark Editor.

This shows a tree view of your bookmarks and bookmark subfolders. As is usual for tree views in KDE, subfolders are shown with a small square at the left of the folder name; if the square contains a + sign left clicking on it will expand the view to show the contents of that subfolder and the + sign will change to -, left clicking on the - sign will collapse the subfolder view.

To select an item in the list you can left click on it, or you can navigate through the list by using the Up arrow and Down arrow keys to move around, Right arrow to expand a subfolder and Left arrow to collapse it.

You can move an item to a different place in the list by using the normal Drag and Drop or Cut and Paste methods. The order in which the items appear in the Bookmark Editor is the order they will appear in the Bookmarks drop down list. The Insert ->Insert Separator option can be used to insert separating lines into the list wherever you wish.

A new subfolder can be created at the selected point in the list by using the Create New Folder... option in the Insert menu or from the drop down menu you get when you right click on an item in the main part of the window, or with Ctrl+N

To change the name of a bookmark or folder select it then press F2 or choose the Rename item from the Edit menu or the pop up menu that appears when you right click on the item. Similarly, you can edit the URL by pressing F3 or choosing the Change URL menu item.

The Bookmark Editor lets you import bookmarks from a range of other browsers into Konqueror's bookmark list, putting them into a new folder or replacing all current bookmarks. To do this select Import from the File menu. The File->Export option can be used to export Konqueror's bookmarks to a Netscape® or Mozilla browser.

If you often use the Netscape® browser as well as Konqueror, then rather than importing your Netscape® bookmarks into Konqueror it is better to select the Show Netscape Bookmarks in Konqueror Windows item in the Settings menu. If you do this any updates to Netscape®'s bookmarks are automatically seen by Konqueror.

To select which bookmark subfolder is used to hold the Bookmark Toolbar items select the subfolder then choose Set as Toolbar Folder from the Edit menu.

If you are tidying up your bookmarks and have forgotten what a particular web page is, you can easily open it from within the Bookmark Editor by right clicking on the item and selecting Open in Konqueror from the pop up menu. If you just want to check that the URL is still valid select Check Status instead.

Don't forget to save your changes with File->Save or Ctrl+S before you leave the Bookmark Editor.

The Navigation Panel Edit

The Navigation Panel appears as a separate view at the left of Konqueror's window. It can be invoked with Window ->Show Navigation Panel or toggled on and off with the F9 key. It contains a number of tabbed pages; left click on a tab's icon to view that page. Left clicking on the icon for the visible page will collapse the Navigation Panel so that only the tab icons are visible.

  • Bookmarks

This page shows a tree view of your Bookmarks. Left click on an item to open it in the main view.

  • History

This page shows a tree view of your browsing History. Left clicking on an item will open it in the main view, or you can open it in a new Konqueror window by right clicking and selecting New Window from the pop up menu. You can remove an item from the history by right clicking on it and selecting Remove Entry . Selecting Clear History... will clear out the entire history. The pop up menu you get when you right click on any entry in the History page also gives you the option of choosing whether the entire history is sorted by name or by date. Selecting Preferences... from this pop up menu brings up the History Sidebar control module. This can be used to set the maximum size of your history and set a time after which items are automatically removed. You can also set different fonts for new and old URLs. The Detailed tooltips checkbox controls how much information is displayed when you hover the mouse pointer over an item in the history page.

  • Home Folder

This page shows a tree view of the subfolders your home folder. Note that “hidden” folders (those with names beginning with a dot) are not shown. Left click on an item to open it in the main view, or right click to display a pop up menu allowing you to open the subfolder in a new window or as a new tab page of the main view.

  • Network

This page is intended to show a tree view of your important network connections, although local folders can also be included. Again, you can left click on an item to open it in the main view or right click to bring up a menu with a wider range of possibilities. The folders shown in the Network page are held in the folder ~/.kde/share/apps/konqsidebartng/virtual_folders/remote/, and you can make new ones just as you would make any other subfolder. The items within these folders are held as .desktop files and can be created with Konqueror's Create New->Link to Location (URL)... option.

  • Root Folder

The Root Folder tree has the path /, and is the base folder of your system's local files. If you expand the “Root” folder you will find another folder called root. This belongs to the system administrator or Super User and is her home folder. You will also find a folder called home, in which you should be able to find your own “Home” folder again.

  • Services

This page provides quick access to the following services:

  The Audio CD Browser.
  Devices. This shows your hard disc partitions, floppy and CD-ROM. Left click on a device or partition name to mount it and display its contents in the main view. A mounted device or partition can be unmounted by right clicking on the device name and selecting Unmount from the pop up menu.
  The LAN Browser allows you to browse other machines connected to your Local Area Network.
  The Print System Browser tree gives you quick access to KDE's print manager Kprinter.

The Navigation Panel configuration can be changed by right clicking on the empty area below the bottom tab icon or by left clicking on the Configuration Button icon (the top icon in the previous screenshot, it may not be present in your setup). Doing this brings up a menu with the following options:

  • Add New

This option lets you add a new tab page to the Navigation Panel. The new page can contain the Sidebar Media Player (a Konqueror Plugin feature) or a new Folder tree view.

  • Multiple Views

Selecting this option splits the Navigation Panel so that two tab pages can be seen at once.

  • Show Tabs Left

This option lets you choose whether the tab icons are shown at the left or right of the Navigation Panel.

  • Show Configuration Button

Use this option to show or hide the Configuration Button icon.

Right clicking on a tab icon brings up a menu with the following options:

  • Set URL

Only available for folder pages, this option lets you change the URL (path) of the folder viewed in that page.

  • Set Icon

To change the tab icon.

  • Remove

To remove the tab page from the Navigation Panel.

Saving Settings & Profiles Edit

General Settings Edit

When you close down Konqueror your current View menu settings (such as the View Mode, Use index.html and Show Hidden Files items) are not automatically saved as the default options; however, you can have Konqueror remember these settings by selecting Settings->Save View Profile "Web Browsing"... and the current setting will become the default option to be used the next time Konqueror is started.

But you can also specify different View menu settings for an individual folder. To do this check the View Properties Saved in Folder box in the Settings menu, change the View settings to whatever you want then uncheck the View Properties saved in Folder box. Doing this creates a .directory file in that folder to hold the folder View settings. Use the Settings->Remove Folder Properties option to remove the folder specific settings (or just delete the .directory file).

One nice use of this feature is if you have a folder full of pictures. You can set that particular folder to display thumbnails of the pictures (by choosing Icon View and Preview->Show Previews from the View menu) when you open it, while not displaying images as thumbnails in other folders.

View Profiles Edit

Konqueror can save a whole set of options as a “View Profile”. Some view profiles are part of the standard Konqueror installation, such as Web Browsing and File Management, but you can add your own, too.

To modify a view profile (say, the Web Browsing profile), load the profile with Settings->Load View Profile->Web Browsing, and change the Konqueror settings to whatever you want. Now select Settings->Save View Profile "Web Browsing".... In the dialog which appears, you can change the name of the profile, which will create a new profile with that name, or you can leave the name as it is to modify the current profile. If you select Save URLs in profile, the current URL will be loaded when you load that view profile. This functions in a similar way to the “Home Page” in many web browsers. If you want Konqueror to start up with an empty window enter about:blank into the location bar before saving the profile.

You can create a desktop icon to start Konqueror with your new profile. First create a desktop icon by dragging the Konqueror icon from the K menu onto the desktop and selecting Copy Here. Then right click on the new icon, select Properties... and change Program Name in the Execute tab page to kfmclient openProfile MyNewProfile, MyNewProfile being what you called the new profile. Then in the General tab page change the name to something like MyNewProfile and pick a more suitable icon.

Plugins Edit

Netscape® Plugins Edit

Currently, Konqueror supports Netscape® 4.x plugins.

Selecting Settings-> Configure Konqueror...->Plugins will give you a dialog box with two tabbed pages; Scan and Plugins.

The Scan page controls how KDE scans for new Netscape® plugins, either manually by pressing the Scan for New Plugins button or automatically each time KDE starts up.

The scan is done by looking through the folders listed in the Scan Folders list for .so files containing plugin code. It examines every such file to find out which MIME types the plugin supports. It then creates MIME type definitions for KDE in the user's ~/.kde/share/mimelnk folder to make other applications aware of them.

The Plugins page shows you the Netscape® plugins that KDE has found, and for each plugin it lists the MIME types and the filename suffixes it uses to recognize them.

The dialog box also contains a checkbox Enable plugins globally which you can use to enable or disable plugins that can be contained in HTML pages (these can be considered a security risk).

Konqueror Plugins Edit

The package kdeaddons contains several useful plugins that interact with Konqueror in various ways. These are explained briefly below, more detailed information may be obtained by looking through the Konqueror Plugins section in the KDE Help Center.

  • Web Page Translation

This uses AltaVista's BabelFish site to translate the current HTML page to whatever language you want (within reason). It can be launched with Tools->Translate Web Page.

  • Folder View Filter

This is controlled by Tools->View Filter and allows you to choose which types of item are displayed in a folder.

  • DOM Tree Viewer

Selecting Tools->Show DOM Tree opens a new window which displays the document object model (DOM) of the current HTML page.

  • HTML Validator

This is started with Tools->Validate Web Page->Validate HTML. It uses the W3C HTML validator to validate the current page, very useful when creating web pages.

  • CSS Validator

Started with Tools->Validate Web Page->Validate CSS, it uses the W3C CSS validator to validate the current page's Cascading Style Sheets.

  • HTML Settings

Select Tools->HTML Settings to enable or disable a number of HTML settings without going through the Settings dialog.

  • Image Gallery

In File Manager mode, you can select Tools->Create Image Gallery to create an HTML page with thumbnails of all the images in the current folder. By default the HTML page is called images.html and the thumbnails are put into a new thumbs folder.

  • User Agent Changer

Select Tools->Change Browser Identification to get a menu that allows you to change the User Agent string without going through the Settings dialog procedure.

  • Archive Web Page

Invoked with Tools-> Archive Web Page, this tool creates an archive (.war ) file containing the web page being viewed including the images. Left click on the archive file name to view the saved page.

  • Navigation Panel Media Player

This is a simple media player, embedded as a tab page in the Navigation Panel. You can drag songs or videos onto this page to play them.

Configuring Konqueror Edit

In common with the rest of KDE, Konqueror is highly configurable, so you can really get the look and feel that best fits your needs and wishes.

Toolbars Edit

When KDE is newly installed, Konqueror's window contains a Menubar, Main and Location Toolbars and possibly a Bookmark Toolbar.

Maybe you don't need all these toolbars. To hide one of them, go into the Settings->Toolbars menu and uncheck its box. To show a hidden toolbar, just check the box.

The Menubar itself can be toggled on and off with the shortcut key combination Ctrl+M.

On the left hand end of each bar you can see some vertical lines. By left mouse button clicking on them, you “flatten” the bar, meaning that it is hidden but can be quickly restored by clicking on the now horizontal lines. You can also drag a bar into a new position with these lines.

If you right click on a Toolbar, you will get a menu to configure this bar. You can choose the orientation, text position and icon size

The icons shown in the various bars can be changed by using the Settings->Configure Toolbars... option, which brings up the Configure Toolbars dialog box. The Main and Extra Toolbars are divided into sections, such as Main Toolbar <Konqueror>, Main Toolbar <khtmlpart> and Extra Toolbar <khtmlsettingsplugin>. The number and type of these sections will depend on whether Konqueror is in Web Browser or File Manager mode and whether you have Konqueror plugins installed.

Shortcuts Edit

To change the shortcut key arrangements used by Konqueror select Settings->Configure Shortcuts... .

Search through the combo box to find the action you want to add or change the shortcut keys for and select it by left clicking on the name. You will then be able to change the shortcut by selecting the None, Default or Custom radio button or by clicking on the large button in the Shortcut for Selected Action area.

Choose whether you want to change the Primary or Alternate shortcut then press the key combination you want to act as the shortcut, for example Ctrl+Shift+S. If the Auto-Close box is checked the dialog will vanish as soon as you enter the key combination, otherwise it will remain until you press OK or Cancel. Clicking on the little black icon with a white cross in it clears the shortcut.

User Defined Menus Edit

You can add your own pop up menu to Konqueror so that pressing one key combination will make the menu appear then pressing a second key, or using the Up arrow and Down arrow keys and pressing Enter, will select an item from it.

To do this add a Custom shortcut for each of the actions you want to appear in the menu and in the Define Shortcut dialog check the Multi-Key box, press the key combination that you want to bring up your new menu then, separately, press the key that will choose that item from the menu.

Other Settings Edit

Selecting Settings-> Configure Konqueror... brings up a dialog box which you can use to control most aspects of Konqueror's behavior. It contains several sections which are selected by left clicking on one of the icons at the left of the dialog box.

Pressing the Help button will give you detailed instructions about how to use each of these sections, or you can use the What's This? feature.

Command Reference Edit

The shortcut key combinations shown in this chapter are the default ones. They can of course be changed.

Special Shortcuts Edit

There are some useful shortcuts that are not shown in any of the menus:

  • F6

Sets the focus to the text entry box in the Location Toolbar.

  • Ctrl+]

Activate the next tab page.

  • Ctrl+[

Activate the previous tab page.

The Menu Bar Edit

Note that some menu entries only appear when they are applicable to the file you currently have open in Konqueror. For example, the Edit->Find... item will not appear when you are viewing the contents of a directory.

The Location Menu Edit

  • Location->New Window (Ctrl+N)

Open another Konqueror window.

  • Location->New Tab (Ctrl+Shift+N)

Open another Konqueror tab, containing a blank page.

  • Location->Duplicate Window (Ctrl+D)

Open another Konqueror window, duplicating the current one.

  • Location->Open Location... (Ctrl+O)

Open a folder or file by entering its path (for example /home/pam or /home/pam/fred.txt) in a simple dialog box.

  • Location->Send Link

Send an email containing a link to the current location.

  • Location->Send File

Send an email containing the selected file as an attachment.

  • Location->Save Background Image As...

Only applies if you are viewing a web page with a background image. Opens the Save As dialog box to let you save the background image file to your own computer.

  • Location->Save As... (Ctrl+S)

Only applies if you are viewing a document or web page, uses the Save As... dialog box to let you save a copy to your own computer.

  • Location->Save Frame As...

Similar to Save As... but for use with a web site that uses frames.

  • Location->Print... (Ctrl+P)

Print.

  • Location->Print Frame

Print selected frame of a Web page.

  • Location->Open With Netscape/Mozilla

Open the web page you are viewing in Konqueror with Netscape®/Mozilla as well.

  • Location->Quit (Ctrl+Q)

Close down this instance of Konqueror.

The Edit Menu Edit

Most items in the Menubar Edit menu can also be found by right mouse button clicking on a free area of a view.

  • Edit->Undo (Ctrl+Z)

Sometimes lets you reverse a mistaken action.

  • Edit->Cut (Ctrl+X)

Puts selected item(s) into the clipboard. If you then do a a Paste the item(s) will be moved from the original location to the new one.

  • Edit->Copy (Ctrl+C)

Copy selected item(s) to the clipboard.

  • Edit->Paste (Ctrl+V)

Paste item(s) from clipboard to the currently viewed folder.

  • Edit->Rename (F2)

Lets you rename a file or folder without having to open the Properties... dialog box.

  • Edit->Move to Trash (Delete)

Move selected item(s) to the Trash folder.

  • Edit->Delete (Shift+Delete)

Delete the selected item(s).

  • Edit->Copy Files (F7)

Copy the selected item(s) to another folder.

  • Edit->Move Files

Move the selected item(s) to another folder.

  • Edit->Create New

Create a link to an application, URL, Floppy or CD-ROM device, or create a new Folder or text or HTML file. See the Create New...section for more details.

  • Edit->Edit File Type...

Open the Edit File Type dialog box

  • Edit->Properties..

Open the Edit Properties dialog box

  • Edit->Selection

Contains a number of options for changing the items selected in the Konqueror window:

  *Edit->Selection->Select... (Ctrl++)
  Together with the Unselect..., Unselect All and Invert Selection commands, this provides an easy and powerful way of selecting multiple files.
  It brings up a simple dialog box where you can enter a file name using the wild card characters * and ?, for example entering *.html will select all files ending with .html while ?a* will select all files which have the letter a as the second character in their filename.
   
  *Edit->Selection->Unselect... (Ctrl+-)
  Unselect files or folders via a dialog similar to the one used by Select....
   
  *Edit->Selection->Unselect All (Ctrl+U)
  Unselect all selected files or folders.
  
  *Edit->Selection->Invert Selection (Ctrl+*)
  Invert current selection.
   
  *Edit->Selection->Select All (Ctrl+A)
  Selects all text in an HTML page or in a text page being previewed, you can then Copy it and Paste it into a text editor.
  • Edit->Find... (Ctrl+F)

Find a text string in a text page you are previewing or in an HTML page.

  • Edit->Find Next (F3)

Find the next occurrence of the text string in the text or HTML page.

  • Edit->Go to Line...

Go to a particular line number in a text page you are previewing.

The View Menu Edit

  • View->View Mode...

Selects Icon, MultiColumn, Tree, Detailed List or Text view mode.

  • View->Use index.html

If a selected folder contains a file index.html, it will be opened as a web page rather than showing the folder as a list of files.

  • View->Lock to current location

Lock to current location.

  • View->Unlock all views

Unlock all views.

  • View->Link View

Link current view to others in a multiple view window.

  • View->Reload (F5)

Reload.

  • View->Stop (Esc)

Stop load (particularly useful when web browsing).

  • View->Icon Size

Select size of icons used when viewing a folder in Icon Mode.

  • View->Sort

Choose order in which items are presented in the window when in Icon or MultiColumn View mode.

  • View->Case Insensitive Sort

Choose whether the sort order in Tree, Detailed List or Text View modes is case sensitive.

  • View->View Document Source (Ctrl+U)

View document source text. Only available if you are viewing a document or HTML page.

  • View->View Frame Source

View frame source text Only applies if you are viewing a web site that uses frames. Similar to View Document Source.

  • View->View Document Information (Ctrl+I)

View document information, such as title, URL, and HTTP headers used in retrieving the document. Only available if you are viewing an HTML page.

  • View->Security...

Tells you whether the current browser connection is secured with SSL and lets you bring up the Cryptography Configuration... dialog box. Left clicking on the Menubar padlock icon does the same thing.

  • View->Set Encoding

Set encoding Allows you to choose the character encoding used to display HTML pages. Auto is usually the best choice.

  • View->Preview

Lets you choose to show thumbnails of images, text files or HTML pages instead of the normal icons in Icon or MultiColumn View modes.

  • View->Show Hidden Files

Show hidden (dot) files.

  • View->Show details...

Lets you choose which file and folder details are shown in Tree, Detailed List and Text views.

  • View->Background Color...

Select background color for the File Manager mode.

  • View->Background Image...

Select background image for the File Manager mode.

The Go Menu Edit

  • Go->Up (Alt+Up Arrow)

Go up a level in the folder hierarchy.

  • Go->Back (Alt+Left Arrow)

Go back to the previous view.

  • Go->Forward (Alt+Right Arrow)

You can only go forward if you've just gone back.

  • Go->Home URL (Ctrl+Home)

Go to your home folder.

  • Go->Applications

Open the folder holding your applications.

  • Go->Trash

Open your Trash folder in a separate window.

  • Go->Templates

Open the Templates folder in a separate window.

  • Go->Autostart

Open your Autostart folder in a separate window.

  • Go->Most Often Visited

Displays a submenu showing the URLs you visit most often. Selecting one of these will make Konqueror open that URL.

The Bookmarks Menu Edit

See the section Using Bookmarks in this manual for a fuller description of these menu items.

  • Bookmarks->Add Bookmark (Ctrl+B)

Add current selection to your bookmarks.

  • Bookmarks->Bookmark Tabs as Folder...

Create a bookmark folder containing links to all of the URLs currently open in Konqueror tabs.

  • Bookmarks->Edit Bookmarks...

Open the Bookmark Editor.

  • Bookmarks->New Bookmark Folder...

Create a new folder in your Bookmarks folder.

The Tools Menu Edit

  • Tools->Run Command... (Alt+F2)

Run a program by entering its name in a simple dialog box.

  • Tools->Open Terminal (Ctrl+T)

Open a Konsole terminal window.

  • Tools->Find File...

Open the KFind application.

If you have Konqueror plugins installed there will be additional entries in the Tools menu. See the Konqueror Plugins chapter for further details.

The Settings Menu Edit

See also the section Saving Settings and Profiles.

  • Settings->Show Menubar (Ctrl+M)

Show/Hide the menubar.

  • Settings->Toolbars

Opens a sub menu where you can choose to show or hide the various Toolbars.

  • Settings->Full Screen Mode (Ctrl+Shift+F)

Changes Konqueror to full screen mode, in which the Konqueror window takes up the whole screen, and does not have the usual window decorations. To exit full screen mode, click on the Exit Full Screen Mode icon on the toolbar, or press Ctrl+Shift+F.

  • Settings->View Properties Saved in Folder

Save View properties to current folder. If this is selected, a .directory file will be written in the current directory storing the settings you last used to view the directory. These settings are then loaded when you open the directory in Konqueror.

  • Settings->Remove Folder Properties

Remove settings stored in folder by View Properties Saved in Folder.

  • Settings->Load View Profile

Load the settings associated with a particular view profile.

  • Settings->Save View Profile "ProfileName"...

Save the current settings to the current view profile.

  • Settings->Configure View Profiles...

Lets you change an existing view profile or create a new one.

  • Settings->Configure Shortcuts...

Lets you see and change Konqueror's shortcut key bindings, i.e. the associations between actions such as Copy and keys or combinations of keys such a Ctrl+V. If you do this take care not to duplicate an existing shortcut.

  • Settings->Configure Toolbars...

Lets you configure the Main, Extra and Location Toolbars. See the section Changing Bars.

  • Settings->Configure Konqueror...

Lets you configure the File manager, File Associations, Browser, Internet Keywords, Cookies, Proxies, Cryptography, User Agent, or Toolbars by bringing up the appropriate dialog box.

  • Settings->Configure Spell Checking...

Displays the spell checking configuration dialog box, in which you can change settings associated with spell checking in Konqueror.

The Window Menu Edit

  • Window->Split View Left/Right (Ctrl+Shift+L)

Split View Left/Right.

  • Window->Split View Top/Bottom (Ctrl+Shift+T)

Split View Top/Bottom.

  • Window->Remove Active View (Ctrl+Shift+R)

Remove Active View.

  • Window->New Tab (Ctrl+Shift+N)

Open a new, empty, tab page.

  • Window->Duplicate Current Tab (Ctrl+Shift+D)

Open a duplicate tab page.

  • Window->Detach Current Tab (Ctrl+Shift+B)

Show the current tab page in a new instance of Konqueror.

  • Window->Close Current Tab (Ctrl+W)

Close the current tab page.

  • Window->Move Tab Left (Ctrl+Shift+Left)

Move the current tab one place left in the list of tabs.

  • Window->Move Tab Right (Ctrl+Shift+Left)

Move the current tab one place right in the list of tabs.

  • Window->Show Terminal Emulator

Open a small text terminal view at the bottom of the main window.

  • Window->Show Navigation Panel (F9)

Toggles the display of the Konqueror navigation panel.

The Help Menu Edit

  • Help->Konqueror Handbook

View the handbook

  • Help->What's This? (Shift+F1)

Draws a question mark (?) beside the mouse pointer, clicking on a window item such as the Stop button will then display a brief explanation. See Tooltips and What's This? .

  • Help->Konqueror Introduction

Revisit the introductory pages that you got when Konqueror was first started.

  • Help->Report Bug...

Report bug.

  • Help->About Konqueror...

Display some brief information about Konqueror's version number, authors and license agreement.

  • Help->About KDE...

Show some information about the version of KDE that you are running.

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